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Oligarchia
(713 words)

[German version]

(ὀλιγαρχία/oligarchía, 'rule by the few', 'minoriy rule'). General Greek term for a form of constitution in which political power or important governing powers are the entitlement of a socially or socio-politically qualified minority. The origin and use of the term oligarchia around 460 BC is closely connected with the distinction from the term dēmokratía (in contrast to the older description isonomía for a civil-constitutional order).

Pindar's threefold classification (Pind. P. 2,86-88) of the forms of rule in the Greek world - tyrannís , rule 'by the unruly m…

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Lehmann, Gustav Adolf (Göttingen), “Oligarchia”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e829900>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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