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Omphalos
(718 words)

[German version]

[1] Navel as center of the world

(Ὀμφαλός/Omphalós, 'navel'). The omphalos represents two signs which are combined in the omphalos of Delphi (Pind. Pyth. 4,74f.; Bacchyl. 4,4; Aesch. Eum. 40):

(1) If it is true that the omphalòs thalássēs, 'navel of the sea', - as Ogygia, the island of Calypso, is called in Hom. Od. 1,50 - means the greatest distance from the human world, then, conversely, the navel of the oikuménē lies in the center of men. Thus the concept of omphalos does not express the …

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Auffarth, Christoph (Tübingen), “Omphalos”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e830970>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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