Brill’s New Pauly

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(128 words)

[German version]

(masc.) or onocentaura (fem.) (Ὀνοκένταυρος/Onokéntauros, Ὀνοκένταυρα/Onokéntaura). Mythological monster. The word is first found in the LXX, in which the name O. is used for the Hebrew word for 'jackal' (Is 13:22; 34:14). The Biblical explanation appears to consider the O. to be a demon (Theodoretus of Cyrus, Commentary on Is 13:22). In Greek and Latin non-Christian literature it is first found in Ael. NH 17,9: there its face is human, as are its body from the chest to the loins and its arms and hands, while the rest of its body is that of a donkey (cf. the centaurs). A mosai…

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Käppel, Lutz (Kiel), “Onocentaur”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 June 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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