Brill’s New Pauly

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Optical refinements
(300 words)

[German version]

Modern collective term for various phenomena of Greek column construction, coined by the American archaeologist W.H. Goodyear in 1912. They include specifically: (a) solution of the angle triglyph problem; (b) entasis (outward curvature of the column shaft); (c) inclination (inward leaning of columns and cella walls); (d) curvature (slight arching of the stylobate, sometimes also of all other superstructures, e.g. in the Parthenon); (e) increased diameter of corner columns as opposed to the central columns.

Some of these phenomena were described by Vitru…

Cite this page
Höcker, Christoph (Kissing), “Optical refinements”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e832660>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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