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Oretani
(147 words)

[German version]

Celtic Iberian tribe in the area of the middle and upper Guadiana and on the northern slope of the Sierra Morena (Oretana iuga, Plin. HN 3,6), with their centre in Oretum, 33 km west of Valdepeñas on the Jabalón [1; 2]. They were first mentioned as troops sent to Africa by Hannibal [4] in 219 BC to secure Metagonia and Carthage (Ὀρῆτες Ἴβηρες/Orêtes Íbēres, Pol. 3,33,9, possibly to differentiate them from the Ωρητανοί/Ōrētanoí, Ptol. 2,6,58, or O. Germani, Plin. HN 3,25 [3. 29721]) who lived in the same region. In the Visigothic period (6th/7th cent. AD) the bishopric of Oret…

Cite this page
Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam), “Oretani”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 30 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e900500>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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