I. Earliest Evidence
The earliest evidence for Orphism refers to texts or ritual activities.
(see II below). Earliest evidence for Orphic texts: Eur. Hipp. 952-954 = Orphica Fragmenta (= OF) T 213 Kern “(Hippolytus), who honours the smoke of many writings (grámmata)”, under Orpheus as his master; Pl. Resp. 364e = OF 3: “a pile of books (bíbloi)”, attributed to Musaeus  and Orpheus and offered by cha…