Brill’s New Pauly

Get access

Paeones, Paeonia
(200 words)

[German version]

(Παίονες/Paíones, Παιονία/Paionía). Large tribe under its own king, inhabiting the north of the area later known as Macedonia, particularly in the valley of the Axius and the surrounding mountain regions as far as the Strymon (Thuc. 2,98,2; Str. 7,5,1). Hom. Il. 848-50 knew of the P. as friends of the Trojans; in c. 500 BC, the P. around Lake Prasias were temporarily deported to Phrygia by the Persian Megabazus (Hdt. 5,16) [1]. In 359 BC, P. attacked the Macedonians, but they were defeated and subjugated by Philip [4] II (Diod. Sic. 16,1,5; 2,6; 3,4; 4,2). P. served …

Cite this page
Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn), “Paeones, Paeonia”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 02 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e903840>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



▲   Back to top   ▲