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(Πάλμυρα/Pálmyra, Semitic Tadmor).
Oasis in central Syria, c. 240 km north-east of Damascus and c. 200 km west of the Euphrates. P., from which routes led to Emesa (Ḥimṣ), Ḥamāh and Aleppo, was an important caravan station on the route from Mesopotamia to central Syria, Lebanon and Arabia. This made P. one of the richest and most influent…