(175 words)

[German version]

Language of the more than 2000 inscriptions from Palmyra (Palmyrene Tdm(w)r) and Dura-Europus from the 1st cent. BC to AD 273 (end of the Palmyrene empire). Together with closely related eastern Aramaic dialects (like Edessenian Syriac and Aramaic of Ḥaṭra), Palmyrene is a continuation of supraregional Official Aramaic. The most important document is the Greek-Palmyrene list of customs and tax tariffs  (AD 137), which constitutes the longest north-western Semitic epigraphical monument with 162 lines of Palmyrene. T…

Cite this page
Voigt, Rainer (Berlin), “Palmyrene”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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