Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,180 words)

[German version]

I. Concept

The Greek word parádeisos (παράδεισος/parádeisos, Latin paradisus) or Hebrew pardēs comes from the ancient Iranian pairidaeza, meaning “surrounding walls, round enclosure, something that is enclosed,” and originally referred to an enclosed park. In the ancient Orient, gardens, particularly in conjunction with palace and temple grounds, “epitomized a wholesome living space” as well as representing a “visible domestication of "chaotic" p…

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Ego, Beate (Osnabrück), Heimgartner, Martin (Halle) and Toral-Niehoff, Isabel (Freiburg), “Paradise”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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