Brill’s New Pauly

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(244 words)

(πάροικοι; pároikoi).

[German version]

[1] Free non-citizens in Hellenistic states and Roman provinces

In the Hellenistic states of Asia Minor and the Near East and the Roman provinces that arose out of them, free people, mostly indigenous but without citizenship, living in kṓmai ( kṓmē ) in the territory of a pólis were predominantly called paroikoi. In emergency situations, freed and non-free people, particularly those belonging to the (royal) farmers (láoi), could be…

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Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale) and Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich), “Paroikoi”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 January 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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