Brill’s New Pauly

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(159 words)

[German version]

(παρθενίαι/partheníai). The word partheniae is derived from Greek παρθένος/parthénos, 'virgin', and designates a group of Spartans who left Greece and founded Tarentum (Taras) toward the end of the 8th cent. BC. Our oldest sources (Antiochus FGrH 555 F 13; Ephorus FGrH 70 F 216; Aristot. Pol. 5,7,1306 b 29-31) probably already knew no more than the name and the fact itself. We therefore find explanations derived from the word, according to which they were illegitimate Spartans, or classified as of lower status, who emigrated after the first of the Messenian Wars under…

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Gehrke, Hans-Joachim (Freiburg), “Partheniae”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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