Brill’s New Pauly

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(245 words)

[German version]

Pauperies (perhaps from pauper, poor; the connection is questionable) according to the Twelve Tables ( tabulae duodecim ) referred to damage caused by a four-footed animal (quadrupes) (tab. 8,6; Ulp. Dig. 9,1,1 pr.). Although originally the cause was attributed to the animal demon, legal action was taken not against the animal itself, but against its handler.

In classical Roman law, the owner of four-footed (working) animals could be held liable for endangerment through the actio de pauperie (an analogous actio utilis applied to other domestic animals), where …

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Gamauf, Richard (Vienna), “Pauperies”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 June 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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