Latin pax (< Indo-European pac, hence pac-s, pacisci > pango, cf. Greek πήγνυμι/pḗgnymi; on ancient terminology, see [6. 17-29]) means primarily the state of peace and not the manner in which it is obtained [7. 46]. Although Roman sources do call pax the absence of war (bellum), pax is only the result of a concrete war ended by means of conquest, deditio or agreement by treaty (see D below) [7. 49f.; 8. 51; 6. 155]. Attributes indicate 'p…
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Kehne, Peter (Hannover) and
Scherf, Johannes (Tübingen),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 23 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e911030>