Brill’s New Pauly

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(957 words)


[1] Peace in general

[German version]

A. Definition

Latin pax (< Indo-European pac, hence pac-s, pacisci > pango, cf. Greek πήγνυμι/pḗgnymi; on ancient terminology, see [6. 17-29]) means primarily the state of peace and not the manner in which it is obtained [7. 46]. Although Roman sources do call pax the absence of war (bellum), pax is only the result of a concrete war ended by means of conquest, deditio or agreement by treaty (see D below) [7. 49f.; 8. 51; 6. 155]. Attributes indicate 'p…

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Kehne, Peter (Hannover) and Scherf, Johannes (Tübingen), “Pax”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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