Brill’s New Pauly

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(584 words)

[German version]

The term peculium (from the Latin pecu, 'cattle', as an object of property cf. Ulp. Dig. 15,1,5,3) referred to the specific fund of property belonging to a person who, under Roman law, was subject to the power of another: in most cases a son in power under the patria potestas or a slave in the ownership of a dominus . Since these legally dependant persons were not able to own property, the peculium fell under the household property of the person exercising the power in terms of private law, but the person subject to the power was nevertheless entitled…

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Heinrichs, Johannes (Bonn), “Peculium”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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