Brill’s New Pauly

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(86 words)

[German version]

(Derived from the Lat. pecus, 'livestock': Varro, Ling. 5,92, cf. [1]) in Lat., designates assets, originally in livestock, then generally money. The etymology shows that in Rome livestock used as currency preceded metal money. In the 4th cent. AD pecunia designated a coin, or piece of money (Eutr. 9,14), sometimes with specification of the metal (Aug. Civ. 4,21; 4,28) or in a limited sense, copper money (SHA Sev. 33,3).


1 Walde/Hofmann, s.v. P., vol. 2, 272.

Schrötter, s.v. P., 492.

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Stumpf, Gerd (Munich), “Pecunia”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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