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Penthesilea
(299 words)

[German version]

(Πενθεσίλεια/Penthesíleia, Lat. Penthesilea). Amazon (Amazons), daughter of Ares and Otrere (Aithiopis argumentum, fr. 1f. PEG I), who to expiate blood guilt - in some sources the murder of her sister Hippolyte [1] (Apollod. Epit. 5,1; Quint. Smyrn. 1,20-32) - enters the Trojan War and supports the Trojans after the death of  Hector (Hellanicus FGrH 4 F 149; Diod. Sic. 2,46,5). She kills a number of Greeks (Prop. 3,11,14f.; Quint. Smyrn. 1,238-246) but is then defeated by Achilles [1], who falls in love with her as she is dying and hands her body over to t…

Cite this page
Harder, Ruth Elisabeth (Zürich), “Penthesilea”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e913180>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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