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Pentheus
(461 words)

[German version]

(Πενθεύς/Pentheús; in Hecataeus FGrH 1 F 31 Τενθεύς/Tentheús). Son of the spartós Echion [1] and Agaue, cousin of Actaeon and Dionysus and the latter's opponent. The earliest surviving complete presentation of the myth is the complex and controversial Bákchai by Euripides [1] (see [7]; cf. also Theocr. 26; Ov. Met. 3,511-731: [2]; Nonn. Dion. 44 and 46). In this play, P. is the young ruler of Thebes who wants to suppress the new cult of Dionysus, into which the god forces the sisters of Semele, because they challenge his descent from Zeus. When P. intends to marc…

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Heinze, Theodor (Geneva), “Pentheus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e913190>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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