Brill’s New Pauly

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People
(355 words)

[German version]

Like the modern term 'people' (in the sense of population, broad masses, lower social class, ethnic group, nation among others) the ancient terms which were used for 'people' (δῆμος/ dḗmos [1] and populus ) were not clearly defined. But dḗmos and populus never meant 'population' since both referred only to citizens with political rights (Citizenship; Census). Dḗmos could mean all of the citizens of a country, but also only the lower classes, the 'masses', who were also called οἱ πολλοί/hoi polloí ('the many'), πλῆθος/plḗthos ('mass') and ὄχλος/óchlos ('rabble', 'mo…

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Eder, Walter (Berlin), “People”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12206880>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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