The word perioikoi literally means 'those living in the surroundings' and is formed according to the same rules as ap-oikoi, ep-oikoi, met-oikoi and par-oikoi. Like these terms, perioikoi has a literal - topographical - and a figurative - politico-legal - meaning. Three figurative meanings can be distinguished here: firstly, the word could refer to serfs - both purchased slaves and a dependent population comparable to helots or penéstai (Pl. Resp. 547c; Aristot. Pol. 1271b 30; …
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Cartledge, Paul A. (Cambridge),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 16 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e914400>