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Pez(h)etairoi
(174 words)

[German version]

(πεζέταιροι; pez(h)étairoi). Pezhetairoi, 'foot companions', are first mentioned in Demosthenes (Demosth. Or. 2,17). In the Macedonian army the term pezhetairoi designated heavy infantry equipped with pikes ( s aríssa ) and small shields (Shield), but not breastplates, which was the most important branch of the army. Although, according to Theopompus (FGrH 115 F 348), under Philip [4] II only the elite troops of the royal guard were so called, Alexander [4] the Great then gave the whole  phalanx this honorary title, if Anaximenes (FGrH 72 F 4), who ascrib…

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Burckhardt, Leonhard (Basle), “Pez(h)etairoi”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 04 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e916960>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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