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Phalanx
(745 words)

(φάλαγξ; phálanx).

[German version]

I. The phalanx of hoplites

As early as in Homer the word phalanx is used to describe a battle-line or a lined-up army section (cf. e.g. Hom. Il. 11,214f.; 13,126f., cf. 16,215-217). Phalanx is used, like στίξ (stíx, '(battle-)rank'), almost always in the plural, phálanges; after Homer the expression is not used again until Xenophon (Xen. An. 1,8,17; 6,5,27; Xen. Cyr. 1,6,43; Xen. Hell. 4,3,18; 6,5,18).

Today it is recognised that by the Homeric period (8th cent. …

Cite this page
Burckhardt, Leonhard (Basle), “Phalanx”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 06 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e917830>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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