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Phallus
(672 words)

[German version]

(φαλλός/phallós, Latin phallus; from a Proto-Indo-European root *bhel-, 'blow up', 'swell up'). As bearer of the beneficent power of procreation, the male member played an important role in religion and cult. Its connection with Dionysus is particularly close: Phallus processions can be found in the rural Dionysia (Aristoph. Ach. 241-276), where the phallus is personified as Phales, to whom the cultic song is addressed (Aristoph. Ach. 263; 276), and at the great Dionysia, where the members of the Athenian League a…

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Scherf, Johannes (Tübingen), “Phallus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 19 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e917960>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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