Brill’s New Pauly

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Phiale
(338 words)

[German version]

(φιάλη; phiálē). In Homeric times, the term for a kettle (Lebes), basin, vessel in general. Later it was used only for a bowl without a foot and handle, which - in contrast to the Ancient Near Eastern model - was equipped with an omphalos, for better handling. An omphalos was a central concavity of the base into which a finger could be inserted from below. The use of the term phiale to indicate this shape is attested as early as the 7th cent. BC. According to literary and pictorial evidence…

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Scheibler, Ingeborg (Krefeld), “Phiale”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e919410>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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