Philology as the interpretation and study of texts is as old as literature itself; the questions it poses concern the meaning of a text (usually a text in written form) and sometimes its wording. Philology in the sense of scholarly study of the language and literature of a particular people from its textual tradition is a modern usage (first mention in 1575 in the translation of Rabelais's Gargantua by Fischart). In Antiquity a philologist was called γραμματικός (grammatikós) or κριτικός (kritikós); the …
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Wilson, Nigel (Oxford),
Sobotta, Raphael (Heidelberg) and
Dyck, Andrew (Los Angeles),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 29 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e921170>