(Φιλότης; Philótēs). Greek personification of sexuality and sensual love. In Hesiod (Theog. 224) she is a daughter of Nyx and a sister of the Moirai (Moira; but cf. Hes. Theog. 905) and of Age, Sleep, Deception, Vengeance, Quarrelsomeness, etc. This peculiar combination is occasionally traced to a negative view of women or Hesiod's pessimistic view of the world. Whereas Hesiod writes explicitly of parthenogenesis (Hes. Theog. 213), later Erebus is named as the father of P. (Cic. Nat. D. 2,44). P. is also Empedocles'  name for his cosmic elemental force of love.
Cite this pageBörm, Henning (Kiel), “Philotes”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e922520>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510
▲ Back to top ▲