Brill’s New Pauly

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Phobos
(122 words)

[German version]

(Φόβος/Phóbos, Latin Pavor ). Personification of terror, esp. terror in war (cf. Aesch. Sept. 45); therefore, along with his brother Deimos, son of Ares and Aphrodite (Hes. Sc. 195f., 463f.). The brothers are found in Homer in connection with their father's chariot (Hom. Il. 4,440f.; 13,299f.; 15,119f.); they appear on the shield of Agamemnon together with Gorgo [1] (Hom. Il. 11,36f.), P. alone appears on the aegis of Athena (Hom. Il. 5,739) and of Heracles [1] (Hes. Sc. 144-148). P. was believed to be ugly (PCG VIII fragment 873 K.-A.); vase depictions (Cypselus chest) i…

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Käppel, Lutz (Kiel), “Phobos”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 12 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e922960>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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