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(521 words)

(Φωκᾶς; Phōkâs).

[German version]

[1] Martyr around AD 305

Martyr († around AD 305 in Sinope; Fest: 22. 9.). He lived in Sinope as a gardener and suffered martyrdom by beheading. As early as the 4th cent. a church is said to have existed above his grave in Sinope. From there his cult spread throughout the entire Mediterranean area. He is depicted as a gardener.


J. Bollandus, G. Hensc…

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Savvidis, Kyriakos (Bochum), Albiani, Maria Grazia (Bologna) and Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich), “Phocas”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 29 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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