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Phoenician
(204 words)

[German version]

was the language of the Phoenicians, and together with its later divergent form, Punic, it formed a unity within the Canaanite languages. Phoenician diversified into individual dialects which can only partly be classified according to their geographical areas (Byblus, Zincirli, Cyprus). The alphabet of 22 characters developed from proto-Canaanite. Initially, only consonants were written in its script, which deviated slightly from Aramaic. Written Phoenician sources (from the 13th/12th - 3rd cents. BC) mostly comprise brie…

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Müller-Kessler, Christa (Emskirchen), “Phoenician”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 30 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e923210>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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