The third Parthian king and the first to take the name Arsákēs as an epithet (Arsaces III). He reigned c. 191-176 BC. He was the father of the Parthian kings Phraates  I, Mithridates  I and Artabanus  I and therefore the progenitor of all later Arsacids (Arsaces; Just. Epit. 41,5,8-9; Nisa ostrakon 1760).
M. Schottky, Parther, Meder und Hyrkanier, in: AMI 24, 1991, 61-134, esp. 95-98
J. Wolski, L'empire des Arsacides, 1993, 58-65.
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Schottky, Martin (Pretzfeld),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 22 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e924150>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510