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Phylotimus
(248 words)

[German version]

(Φυλότιμος; Phylótimos) of Cos. Physician and chief magistrate (mónarchos) of Cos in the first half of the 3rd cent. BC; along with Herophilus [1], he was a pupil of Praxagoras and became one of the classic authorities of Greek medicine (cf. Gal. De examinando medico 5,2), although only fragments of his writings now survive. He pursued anatomical interests, placed the seat of the soul in the heart and held that the brain was merely a useless extension of the spinal medulla (Gal. De usu partium 8,3 and 12). On…

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Nutton, Vivian (London), “Phylotimus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 10 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e924790>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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