Brill’s New Pauly

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Picentes, Picenum
(375 words)

[German version]

(Πικηνοί/Pikēnoí, Πικεντίνη/Pikentínē). Italian tribe in the area between the Adria in the east and the Appennines in the west, the rivers Aesis in the north and Aternus in the south, first mentioned on the occasion of the conclusion of a treaty with Rome in 299 BC (Liv. 10,10,12). Conquered by Rome in two campaigns in 269/8 BC (Acta triumphalia for 268 BC; Liv. Epit. 15; Eutr. 2,16); some of the P. were settled north of the Gulf of Paestum (Poseidonia) (Str. 5,4,13; Dionys. Per. 361; Plin. HN 3,70; Ptol. 3,1,7). Their capital city of Asculum Picenum (caput gentis) became a civi…

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Paci, Gianfranco (Macerata), “Picentes, Picenum”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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