Brill’s New Pauly

Get access

(565 words)

[German version]

(Πιθηκοῦσσαι/Pithēkoûssai, Lat. Pithecusa, Pithecusae). Volcanic island off the coast of Campania, first mentioned in Pherecydes FGrH 3 F 54 (Πιθηκοῦσσα/Pithēkoûssa; early 5th cent. BC.), modern Ischia. Not named after the apes (πίθηκος/píthēkos, 'ape') who allegedly lived there, but after the art of pottery practiced on the island (πίθος/píthos, 'wine cask'), as Plin. HN 3,82 makes clear. Inarime, as P. was also called, can be traced to a misinterpretation of a Homeric passage: Typhoeus, who had his camp “among the Arimoi” (εἰν Ἀρίμοις/ein Arímois) in Cilicia…

Cite this page
Gulletta, Maria Ida (Pisa), “Pithecussae”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 06 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

▲   Back to top   ▲