Brill’s New Pauly

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(822 words)

[German version]

(ἰός/iós and φάρμακον/phármakon sc. δηλητήριον/dēlētḗrion, lat. virus and venenum). Poisons were not distinguished according to their origin (animal or plant), but according to the manner in which they were introduced to the body: inoculation (sting: πληγή/plēgḗ, ictus; bite: δάκος/dákos, morsus) or oral absorption (πόσις/pósis, potus); common to all is the definition of a substance affecting the organism.

Starting with the Epic Cycle, there is documentary evidence of animal and plant poisons as well as plants with magical or respectively h…

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Touwaide, Alain (Madrid), “Poisons”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 September 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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