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Poisons
(822 words)

[German version]

(ἰός/iós and φάρμακον/phármakon sc. δηλητήριον/dēlētḗrion, lat. virus and venenum). Poisons were not distinguished according to their origin (animal or plant), but according to the manner in which they were introduced to the body: inoculation (sting: πληγή/plēgḗ, ictus; bite: δάκος/dákos, morsus) or oral absorption (πόσις/pósis, potus); common to all is the definition of a substance affecting the organism.

Starting with the Epic Cycle, there is documentary evidence of animal and plant poisons as well as plants with magical or respectively h…

Cite this page
Touwaide, Alain (Madrid), “Poisons”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 09 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e424350>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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