(Πόνος/Pónos). Personification of toil and stress, similar to the Latin Labor. Son of Erebus and Nyx (Soph. Trach. 29; Cic. Nat. D. 3,17,44) or Eris with no indication of the father (Hes. Theog. 226). As son of Eris, P. is placed first in the ranks of evil by Hesiod. However, he also has a positive aspect, in that he ends debauchery and sees to a virtuous life (Lucian. Timon 31-33).
Cite this pageThurmann, Stephanie (Kiel), “Ponos”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 10 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1004050>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510
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