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Populus
(216 words)

[German version]

The populus in historical times describes the totality of adult, male Roman citizens, i.e. excluding women and children as well as foreigners and slaves. From the late Republic, populus (Romanus) became a synonym for the res publica (Romana), the Roman state (Cic. Rep. 1,25,39: est igitur ... res publica res populi), the populus being defined as the amalgamation of a group united in recognition of the law and of common purpose (v. [2. 315-318]). It was thus entirely possible that other populi might exist within the territory of the Roman state (v. Quirites; cf. [2. 388-…

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Galsterer, Hartmut (Bonn), “Populus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 12 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1004880>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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