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Portorium
(105 words)

[German version]

General Roman term for toll. Originally imposed probably only in ports (portus; [1. s. v.], however, derives portorium from porta, 'gate, door'), extended with the spread of Roman rule in Italy and the provinces to all land and sea tolls. The collection of p. was leased to companies (Publicani), which used the additional services of an extensive staff of slaves and freed slaves, the portitores ('toll officials'). From the 2nd century AD onwards the state Gradually collected tolls with its own personnel (cf. Procurator). For tollable goods, rates and legal regul…

Cite this page
Eder, Walter (Berlin), “Portorium”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1005750>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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