Brill’s New Pauly

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(700 words)

[German version]

'Possession', primarily the actual control over a thing, but in contrast to dominium ('ownership') as full legal power. As a technical term in Roman law, possessio has partly real, partly legal features (possessio non tantum corporis, sed et iuris est, Papin. Dig. 41,2,49,1). For example, Ofilius and Nerva filius (Cocceius [6]) consider the acquisition of possessio to be a de facto matter (rem facti non iuris, Dig. 41,2,1,3). Therefore, a pupillus (minor, minores ) without the agreement of a guardian (tutoris auctoritas) and even a furiosus (mentally ill person) s…

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Schanbacher, Dietmar (Dresden), “Possessio”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 04 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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