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Praefectus praetorio
(1,323 words)

('praetorian prefect'; Greek ἔπαρχος/éparchos or ὕπαρχος τῆς αὐλῆς/hýparchos tês aulês). Holder of one of the most important posts in the administration of the Roman empire.

[German version]

A. Principate

Augustus [1] established the post in 2 BC when he placed two men of equestrian rank ( equites Romani ) at the head of his bodyguard, the praetorians (cohortes praetorianae) (Cass. Dio 55,10). The PP's original task was to command the imperial bodyguard that protected the emperor in his headquarters ( praetorium ). As early as the re…

Cite this page
Gutsfeld, Andreas (Münster), “Praefectus praetorio”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 September 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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