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Praefectus urbi
(328 words)

[German version]

(Town prefect <of Rome later also of Constantinople>; Greek πολίαρχος/políarchos). According to Roman tradition, by the early Roman period a PU ('town administrator' in [4. 663]) who was authorized first by the king and then by the highest magistrate, supervised the business of the state, mainly the administration of justice in their absence (Liv. 1,59,12; 3,3,6; Tac. Ann. 6,11; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 5,75).The post - should it have ever existed - must have become insignificant with the introduction of collegiality ( collega ) in senior magistrature, and obsolete…

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Gutsfeld, Andreas (Münster), “Praefectus urbi”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 11 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1007180>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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