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Praetorians
(876 words)

[German version]

(cohortes praetoriae). In the Roman Republic, the cohors praetoria was a small military unit which guarded the praetorium and acted as an escort for the commander. According to Festus (Fest. 223M.), Cornelius [I 71] Scipio Africanus was the first to have selected 'the bravest' for his protection. Freed from other duties, they also drew higher pay. In the late Republic, powerful commanders had strong bodyguards; thus in 44 BC, M. Antonius [I 9] assembled a bodyguard of 6,000 from his veterans.

In 27 BC, Augustus [1] created a standing corps of praetorians who hel…

Cite this page
Campbell, J. Brian (Belfast), “Praetorians”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1007440>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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