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Praetorium
(247 words)

[German version]

The praetorium  was the tent of the commanding officer of a Roman army in the Republic. The term betrays the fact that the praetor was originally the supreme Roman commander. Once camp was reached on the march, the location of the praetorium was first decided (Pol. 6,27; cf. Caes. B Civ. 1,76,2); it occupied centre stage in the camp (Castra) and was flanked by an open square serving as the market and by the tent of the quaestor . The via praetoria and the porta praetoria were probably the street and gate adjoining the praetorium.

The word praetorium also denoted the advisory m…

Cite this page
Campbell, J. Brian (Belfast), “Praetorium”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 23 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1007460>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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