Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,073 words)

[German version]

I. Use

In Antiquity presses were used primarily in oil and wine production and for processing papyrus leaves, cloth, fruit, herbs and roots and producing essential oils. By the time of Old Kingdom Egypt treading grapes in vats was customary; for further processing of the mash, bag-presses were used: by winding two sticks fastened on each end of a bag towards one another, additional must could be wrung out of the mash in the sack.

In the ancient Mediterranean olives were first pounded or ma…

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Onken, Björn (Marburg/Lahn), “Presses”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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