Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,524 words)

('the first') indicates in Latin the primacy of an individual as recognized by (aristocratic) society. Generally, princeps in both singular and plural (principes) describes the leading men in any – even a non-Roman – state, the members of an order or other elites.

[German version]

I. Roman Republic

In the Roman Republic, princeps (civitatis) particularly denoted membership in the group of the most influential and most prominent citizens (Varro apud Serv. Aen. 1,740; Cic. Sest. 97 f.). Through their own po…

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de Libero, Loretana (Hamburg), “Princeps”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 12 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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