Proconsul
(527 words)

(originally pro consule, 'instead of the consul(es) ': attested in inscriptions from ILS 5945, i.e. 135 BC, on; in literature, e.g., Cic. Phil. 10,26; Liv. 8,23,12; for linguistic use cf. [1]; Greek ἀνθύπατος/anthýpatos) was a state official in Rome who in the sphere of his office outside the city exercised full consular authority ( imperium ), but was not authorized to consult the auspicia (see  augures ) (Cic. Div. 2,76).

[German version]

I. Republican Period

When there were insufficient magistrates with imperium, th…

Cite this page
Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne), “Proconsul”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1009260>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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