Architectural term, recorded in Vitruvius (4,8,6), describing Italo-Roman temples (Temple) in which the side columns of the porch continue as half-columns on the central wall around the cella, and thus form a 'false' peristyle without a true ambulatory (Greek pterón) (Peripteros). The best-known examples are the Maison Carrée in Nîmes (Nemausus ) and the Ionic temple in the Forum Boarium in Rome.
Ch. Balty, Études sur la Maison Carrée de Nîmes, 1960 (on this type)
R. Amy, P. Gros, La Maison Carrée de Nîmes (Gallia S…