The Sumerian-Akkadian terminology regarding punishment and criminal law implies that in Mesopotamia, this was already understood to be a consequence of mischief [1. 77 with note 35], directed either against the divine order  or the (state-sanctioned) political and social structures . The same is true of Egypt [4. 68]. There was no distinction between civil and criminal law in the modern sense. T…
Cite this page
Neumann, Hans (Berlin),
Römer, Malte (Berlin) and
Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen),
“Punishment, Criminal law”, in:
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 28 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1123610>