Brill’s New Pauly

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Punjab
(172 words)

[German version]

(Neo-Persian panǧāb). The land of the five rivers Indus [1], Jhelum (Hydaspes), Chenāb (Acesines [2]), Rāvī (Hydraotes) and Sūtlaj-Beas (Zadadrus, Ptol. 7,1,27, Sydrus, Plin. HN 6,21,63 and Hyphasis). Although it was already known to the Achaemenids, P. entered the Greek geographical consciousness only through the campaigns of Alexander. In 326 BC Alexander [4] conquered P. as far as the Hyphasis, though it hardly resulted in founding any Greek settlements; P. was instead administered by Indian princes installed as satraps (Satrap). Soon after Alexander's de…

Cite this page
Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki), “Punjab”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e905740>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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